How to calculate the heating requirements


Before choosing your heater, you need to determine the minimum power required for your application.

Basic formula

V x ΔT x K = kcal/h

V – Volume of area to be heated (Width x length x height) in m3.

ΔT – Difference between the external temperature and the desired internal temperature (in°C).

K – Dispersion coeffi cient.


Key

V = Width 4 mt, Length 12 mt, Height 3 mt, Volume of area to be heated = 144 m³

ΔT = External temperature -5°C Internal temperature required +18°C, temperature T = 23ºC

K = This factor is determined by the type of construction and insulation

K=3,0-4,0
a simple building in wood or in corrugated metal - non insulated.

K=2,0-2,9
Simple construction, single brick layer, simple windows, simple roof - Poorly insulated.

K=1,0-1,9
Standard construction, double brick layer, few windows, standard closed roof - Moderately insulated.

K=0,6-0,9
advanced construction, double insulated brick, few double pain windows, thick pavement foundation,
well insulated roofing materials - Well insulated.


Example: thermal power required

144 x 23 x 4 = 13 248 kcal/h

(V x ΔT x K = kcal/h)


1 kW/h = 860 kcal/h

1 kcal/h = 3,97 Btu/h

1 kW/h = 3412 Btu/h

1 Btu/h = 0,252 kcal/h


Now you can choose the heater which best suits your application.